Adding editable nodes to JTree

This article explains how to create a JTree and add or insert a new node to it by clicking a button.

JTree cells can be made editable by using method setEditable(true). This will make the cell available for edition after clicking twice on it. Insertion of a node can be done by using the insertNodeInto(MutableTreeNode newChild, MutableTreeNode parent, int index) method of the DefaultTreeModel.

Example Code

This example creates a editable JTree. The Add Node button will add a new node to the selected node at the end and will immediately make it available for editing.

Following JTree methods makes the newly added node visible and editable.

  • scrollPathToVisible(TreePath) : Scroll to the newly added node and makes it visible.
  • setSelectionPath(TreePath ) : Selects the newly added node.
  • startEditingAtPath(TreePath) : Initiates the editing for the node.
 * This example is from
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import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.tree.*;

 * This class creates a editable JTree and allows adding
 * new nodes to it, which are immediately made available for
 * editing after adding
 * @author Rahul Sapkal(
public class EditableTree extends JFrame implements ActionListener {
  private JTree m_tree;
  private DefaultTreeModel m_model;
  private JButton m_addButton;

   * Constructor
  public EditableTree() {
    setTitle("Editable JTree Demo");

    // constructing tree
    TreeNode rootNode = buildDummyTree();
    m_model = new DefaultTreeModel(rootNode);

    m_tree = new JTree(m_model);

    JScrollPane scrollPane = new JScrollPane(m_tree);
    getContentPane().add(scrollPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);

    JPanel panel = new JPanel();
    m_addButton = new JButton("Add Node");
    getContentPane().add(panel, BorderLayout.SOUTH);

    setSize(300, 400);

   * This method builds a dummy tree and returns the root node
   * @return root node
  public TreeNode buildDummyTree() {
    DefaultMutableTreeNode rootNode = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("JavaReference");
    DefaultMutableTreeNode forums = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Forum");
    forums.add(new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Thread 1"));
    forums.add(new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Thread 2"));
    forums.add(new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Thread 3"));
    DefaultMutableTreeNode articles = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Articles");
    articles.add(new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Article 1"));
    articles.add(new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Article 2"));
    DefaultMutableTreeNode examples = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Examples");
    examples.add(new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Examples 1"));
    examples.add(new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Examples 2"));
    examples.add(new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Examples 3"));


    return rootNode;

   * Handles the button action
  public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
    if (event.getSource().equals(m_addButton)) {
      DefaultMutableTreeNode selNode = (DefaultMutableTreeNode) m_tree.getLastSelectedPathComponent();

      if (selNode != null) {
        // add new node as a child of a selected node at the end
        DefaultMutableTreeNode newNode = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("New Node");
        m_model.insertNodeInto(newNode, selNode, selNode.getChildCount());

        //make the node visible by scroll to it
        TreeNode[] nodes = m_model.getPathToRoot(newNode);
        TreePath path = new TreePath(nodes);

        //select the newly added node

        //Make the newly added node editable

   * Main method to run as an Application
   * @param argv
  public static void main(String[] arg) {
    EditableTree editableTree = new EditableTree();

//End EditableTree


Below is an image of the demo. The New Node is added and made editable after clicking Add Node button. Double click on any node makes it editable.

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